By: American Red Cross
Typhoons season is between 1 June and 30 Nov (the “Typhoon Season”). One of the most important safety factors is to REMAIN INDOORS, especially when mandatory. The storm will likely pass in a day or two.
During severe storms, utilities such as electric power, running water, and phone lines may be interrupted. It may take a few days to restore them. Obviously this will make cooking, bathing, communicating with others, and sanitation more difficult. Would you and your family be prepared to cope with a typhoon-related emergency until help arrives? Advanced planning will make the difference between comfortably weathering the storm versus spending a few days hungry, thirsty, bored, and in the dark. Here are some recommendations to help you be prepared:
PREPARE YOUR KIT
1. When a typhoon threatens, you may not have time to shop or search for supplies. Gathering supplies in advance will help you and your family endure home confinement, or an evacuation. Review the list of supplies below, gather and store your supplies, and place supplies you’d need for an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container such as a large duffel bag, large camping backpack, large, covered containers on wheels. Plan on four days.
Here are some basics you should stock for your home.
-Bottled Drinking Water
– Avoid containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles.
– Generally, store one gallon of water per person per day. Keep in mind that an active person needs at least two quarts of water each day. Hot weather and intense physical activity can double the amountneeded. Children, nursing mothers, and the elderly will need more.
– In an easy-to-carry-container, keep at least a three-day supply of water per person (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for each person’s food preparation).
– Change your stored water every 6 moths to keep it fresh.
Fill the bathtub with water – for flushing toilets, washing.
Tools and Supplies
– Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils
– Battery-operated radio and extra batteries. Replace batteries yearly.
– Flashlight and extra batteries. Replace batteries yearly.
– Cash or traveler’s checks, and some change
– Manual can-opener, utility knife
– Fire extinguisher: small canister (ABC type)
– Masking or duct tape
– Matches in a zip-lock, waterproof bag
– Aluminum foil
– Plastic storage containers
– Signal or traffic flares
– Paper, pencil
– Needles, thread
– Medicine dropper
– Plastic sheeting
– Map(s) of the area(s).
– Nonperishable foods. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water. Select food items that are compact and lightweight.
– Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables
– Replace your stored food every 6 months.
– Turn refrigerator thermostat to high prior to extend perishable food life if power outages occur.
– Sterno to heat food.
First Aid Kit
Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
– Assorted sizes of safety pins
– Cleaning agent/soap
– Latex gloves
– 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
– 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
– Triangular bandages
– Non-prescription drugs (replace items every 6 months)
– Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
– Anti-diarrhea medication
– Antacid (for upset stomach)
– Syrup of Ipecac (used to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
– Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
– 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
– 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
– Moistened towelettes
– Tongue blades (2)
– Tubs of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
– Toilette Paper, towelettes
– Soap, liquid detergent
– Feminine supplies
– Personal hygiene items
– Plastic garbage bags with ties (for personal sanitation use)
– Plastic bucket with a tight lid
– Household chlorine bleach
Clothing and Bedding (update clothing every 6 months or when seasons change)
– One complete change of clothing and footwear per person
– Sturdy shoes or work boots
– Rain gear
– Blankets or sleeping bag
– Hat and gloves
– Thermal underwear
Special Items: Remember family members with special requirements, such as
infants and elderly or disabled persons (reevaluate every 3 months):
– Diapers & wipes
– Powdered milk
– Medications (infant’s Tylenol)
For Adults (ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications)
– Heart and high blood pressure medication
– Prescription drugs
– Denture needs
– Contact lenses and supplies
– Extra eyeglasses
Important Family Documents (in a waterproof, portable container):
– Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks, bonds
– Passports, social security cards, immunization records
– Bank account numbers
– Credit card numbers and companies
– Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
– Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
– Store in a convenient place known to all family members
For More information on how to stay prepared for emergency situations visit www.redcross.org.